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The 20th century was the most violent in recorded history. According to historian Eric Hobsbawm, around 187 million deaths were caused by or associated with wars – more than 10 per cent of the global population at the start of the century.

Yet it ended relatively peacefully and, despite the fall-out from September 11, this century has – so far – been considerably less violent. Closer trade between nations has helped: in an increasingly interdependent world, countries would prefer not to go to war when billions of dollars of enterprise are at stake…



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